Could You Be A Paramedic?

About this Quiz

Working as a first responder is never something to take lightly. Fractured bones, heart attacks, seizures, and strokes are all in a day's work! To work as a paramedic you have to think fast and move even faster. This is no job for the faint of heart! Do you have what it takes?

Can you splint a bone, use a defibrillator, lift a gurney, and conduct a field diagnosis? You've got a 12-hour night shift coming up, and anything could happen! What are you waiting for? Suit up, take a deep breath, and dive into this quiz!

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1. On the radio, your colleague reports a "CODE 99":

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  1. A 99-year-old needs help
  2. Someone has gone into cardiac arrest on the street
"CODE 99" means that there is a patient on the street who has gone into cardiac arrest. Don't worry, though, CPR is in progress!
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2. At the scene of an accident, who do you treat first?

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  1. Mike, whose wound is hemorrhaging
  2. Sue, who has minor abrasions
Treat Mike! Always prioritize life-threatening conditions. If Mike's wound is hemorrhaging, he's losing a lot of blood. Sue isn't, she just has scratches.
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3. Is blood a biohazard?

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  1. Yes, especially wet blood
  2. No, there is nothing in blood that can transmit diseases
Listen up, class! Biohazards include: human blood and blood products, animal waste, human body fluids, microbiological waste, pathological waste, and sharps waste (i.e. syringes).
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4. David is hyperventilating. How does that effect the blood flow to his brain?

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  1. It's reduced
  2. It's flowing normally
The act of hyperventilation makes blood vessels constrict, thereby lessening the flow of blood to the brain. This can lead to lightheadedness and, in extreme cases, loss of consciousness.
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5. Before using a defibrillator, yell:

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  1. CLEAR
  2. STOP
Defibrillators pass electric currents through a patient's body. Yelling "CLEAR" warns other people to get their hands off, lest they be shocked too.
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6. What should you keep in mind when treating a patient with dementia?

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  1. They might have trouble walking
  2. They may not remember what medication they took
They may or may not have taken their prescribed medicine. Why? Dementia is a condition characterized by the loss of memory, language, and problem-solving. Some of the earliest signs of dementia include increased confusion, memory problems, and reduced concentration.
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7. When should you be worried about rabies?

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  1. Someone has been scratched by the neighbor's cat
  2. Someone has been bitten by stray dog
Rabies is fatal if not treated immediately. If you suspect rabies, bring your patient into the hospital where the right tests can be done, and treatment administered.
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8. In paramedic speak, the "Eternal Care Unit" is the:

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  1. Hospital cafeteria
  2. Morgue
Paramedics often use gallows humor to get through tough situations at work. People who have passed away and are in the morgue have found their way to the "Eternal Care Unit".
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9. If Mr. Peabody's pacemaker isn't working, worry about his:

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  1. Arms
  2. Heart
A pacemaker is a small device placed in the chest or abdomen to help control abnormal heart rhythms. It works by electrical impulses to the heart to establish a normal rate.
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10. Why examine Peter's pupils?

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  1. To confirm whether or not he is feverish
  2. To check his intracranial pressure
Testing the pupils’ reactivity to light can provide important diagnostic information about a patient’s intracranial pressure. Shining a light into the eye causes the pupils to constrict, allowing less light in. Lower light intensity causes the pupil to dilate, allowing more light inside.
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11. Shhh! David's being treated for:

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  1. Sleep apnea
  2. Coronary heart disease
Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder that is categorized by a person’s breathing being interrupted during sleep. When this happens, the brain and many of the organs may not be getting enough oxygen.
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12. A heart attack is also known as:

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  1. A myocardial infarction
  2. An episode
A myocardial infarction (MI), which is also known as heart attack, occurs when blood flow to one or more parts of the heart is obstructed or somehow decreased. It causes damage to the heart muscle and can be a life-threatening condition.
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13. You're not being "neurotic", a spinal injury CAN lead to:

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  1. Neurogenic shock
  2. Hypothermia
Neurogenic shock is nothing to take lightly. Trauma to the spine can disrupt blood circulation, causing a sudden and drastic decrease in blood pressure. The potential result? Irreversible damage to body tissue.
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14. Blunt trauma usually produces what type of bleeding?

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  1. External bleeding
  2. Internal bleeding
Blunt trauma is caused when an object hits, but does not enter, the body. While it may cause internal bleeding, it will not usually cause external bleeding.
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15. "Get me the scalpel, stat" means:

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  1. Get it as soon as possible
  2. Get it statically charged
"Stat" is a directive given to medical personnel during an emergency situation, indicating that something should be done immediately.
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16. Time for a field diagnosis! Sweating, hunger, and anxiety are symptoms of:

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  1. Hypoglycemia
  2. Arthritis
Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by a low glucose (blood sugar) level. Glucose is the body’s main source of energy, and low levels are characterized by sweating, hunger, anxiety, and irregular heart rhythm.
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17. Diana's just had a stroke, which means:

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  1. She drink sweet fluids
  2. Blood supply to her brain was reduced
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted or significantly reduced. The decreased blood supply prevents the brain tissue from getting oxygen and vital nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die.
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18. What should you worry about if Frankie ruptured his spleen?

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  1. His blood glucose levels
  2. Possible internal bleeding
The spleen is an organ located under the rib cage and above the stomach on the left side of the body. Some of its main functions include filtering the blood and recycling old red blood cells. Ruptured spleens often cause internal bleeding.
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19. As a paramedic, what is the first thing you should do when arriving on a scene?

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  1. Pick patients up off of the ground
  2. Assess the nature of the patients' injuries
The first thing a paramedic should do is conduct an assessment. Of what? Of both the patients' current injuries, and of any relevant medical history.
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20. Feeling dizzy? Use this fingerstick to measure:

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  1. Blood glucose levels
  2. The muscular functions of the hand
A fingerstick is a procedure whereby the finger is pricked to obtain a small quantity of capillary blood to be tested. It was introduced over 30 years ago as a self-monitoring blood glucose tool.
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21. Yellow bruises are most likely:

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  1. Seriously infected and need immediate operation
  2. Healing
If a bruise is yellow, that is a sign that the body is healing from trauma. Yellow bruises are most likely between 10 and 14 days old.
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22. Why do you think Patricia should have a colonoscopy?

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  1. She has Type 2 diabetes
  2. She has chronic abdominal pain and intestinal problems
The colon, also known as the large intestines, is an organ of the digestive system. It is responsible for removing water, salt, and nutrients from the food in the gut, thereby forming stool. A colonoscopy can help your doctor explore possible causes of abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, chronic constipation, chronic diarrhea, and other intestinal problems.
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23. In a car accident, you are likely to find:

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  1. Patients with water in their lungs
  2. Patients with collapsed lungs
Collapsed lungs are often provoked by blunt trauma to the chest. Such injuries are often the result of car accidents.
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24. Is sickle cell anemia a contagious disease?

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  1. Yes, it's air-born
  2. No, it's hereditary
A hereditary disease is one that is passed down from one generation to another (inherited genetically). This is done through defective genes passed on from parent to offspring. Some examples include cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, and hemophilia.
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25. Sam has an inflamed liver. You suspect it's:

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  1. Herpes
  2. Hepatitis
Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by both infectious (viral) and noninfectious (medication) agents. In some cases, it can be self-limiting and run its course, but in others, it can progress to fibrosis, causes serious damage to the liver.
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26. What can you use an EpiPen for?

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  1. To treat heat stroke
  2. To treat a peanut allergy
Peanut allergies are the second most common allergies in children. How do the allergic prepare for potential incidents? EpiPens! EpiPens deliver epinephrine, which constricts blood vessels and decreases swelling.
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27. In paramedic speak, releasing a healthy patient from the ER is called:

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  1. Zombie Walk
  2. Treat and Street
Treat and street! Another fun paramedic expression is "frequent flyer". Who is a frequent flyer? A regular caller of emergency services.
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28. Carla just took "emetogenic" medication. She's about to:

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  1. Become hyperactive
  2. Vomit
The word emetogenic means “causing nausea and/or vomiting”. Many cancer and chemotherapy medications have this effect.
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29. Give Freddy an “ECG” in order to:

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  1. Measure his heart's muscular function
  2. Measure his blood pressure
An electrocardiogram, abbreviated “ECG”, is a machine used to measure the electrical activity and muscular function of the heart. It records the rhythm and activity on a moving strip of paper, which is then interpreted by a physician.
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30. What does a "field diagnosis" consist of?

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  1. A preliminary assessment before arriving to the hospital
  2. Determining the causes of a patient's condition in a farm
Field diagnoses are not final diagnoses. Rather, they are preliminary assessments of the possible causes of a patient's condition, conducted before reaching the hospital.
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31. Your patient has a swollen tongue, and you worry about anaphylactic shock:

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  1. Because they ate a peach, even though they are allergic
  2. Because they touched hot ice
Anaphylactic shock is caused by a life-threatening allergic reaction. Rashes, swollen tongues, and vomiting are all common symptoms.
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32. Which are more serious, "hairline fractures" or "compound fractures"?

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  1. Compound fractures
  2. Hairline fractures
Hairline fractures are small cracks or severe bruising to bones. Compound fractures, on the other hand, are much more serious.
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33. The "golden hour" refers to:

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  1. The maximum time which should elapse between injury and surgery
  2. The best time of day for paramedics to take a selfie
If a patient has been seriously injured, they have a "golden hour" grace period between injury and surgery. Any more time may cause irreversible damages to the body.
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34. You advise Carl not to eat spicy foods because:

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  1. He has stomach ulcers
  2. He is recovering from a concussion
Not eating spicy foods won't cure ulcers, but it may stop irritating them. An ulcer is a break in the skin or mucous membrane, causing the loss of surface tissues and the disintegration/destruction of the surface's epithelial layer. They can be caused by injury, infection, or disease and are often slow to heal.
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35. To "intubate" your patient:

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  1. You place a breathing tube down their airway
  2. You put them in a protective tube
Intubating someone is a fancy way to say that a breathing tube has been placed down their airway to help them breathe. After a patient is intubated, they can be put on a ventilator.
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36. Over the radio, you hear a patient has "DIB":

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  1. They have "difficulty in breathing"
  2. They have spent the "day in bed"
A patient who has "DIB" has difficulty in breathing. Be sure to get them to the hospital, stat!
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37. If your patient's blood is not clotting, you suspect they might have:

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  1. Extreme exhaustion
  2. Hemophilia
A hemophiliac's body will not be able to make blood clots, which are necessary to stop bleeding. Why? They lack sufficient blood-clotting proteins.
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38. Identify two symptoms of heat stroke:

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  1. Nose bleeds & itchy feet
  2. Nausea & rapid breathing
Heatstroke, which occurs when a body's temperature surpasses 105° F, can lead to serious central nervous system disturbances. Symptoms include nausea, rapid breathing, headaches, and an increased heart rate.
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39. If a patient has "dysrhythmia", you're worried about their:

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  1. Heart rate
  2. Sweat glands
Dysrhythmia is the medical term for an abnormally fast or slow heartbeat.
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40. When might you administer anesthesia to your patient?

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  1. Before surgery
  2. When they have a migraine headache
Anesthesia is used to temporarily block pain, mostly before surgeries. Local anesthesia numbs a small part of the body, regional anesthesia numbs a larger area, and general anesthesia knocks you out completely.
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41. Take the Hippocratic Oath and promise to:

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  1. Never be hypocritical
  2. Treat your patients to the best of your ability
The Hippocratic Oath is an old binding document which was written by Hippocrates, the father of medicine. It is sacred to physicians and is focused around the concepts of preserving patients’ privacy and treating the illness to the best of your ability.
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42. A patient with a concussion:

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  1. Might temporarily have difficulty remembering things
  2. Might feel a tingling sensation in their stomach
A concussion, usually caused by a blow to the head, leads to the temporary change in neurologic functions. Symptoms include: headaches, nausea, blurred vision, fatigue, and difficulty remembering events.
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43. Olga is taking blood thinners:

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  1. To prevent blood clots
  2. As an anti-aging treatment
Blood thinners are medications that are taken to prevent blood clot formation. Blood clots can stop the flow of blood through and to different organs. They can be taken orally (through the mouth) or intravenously (through a vein).
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44. To transport your patients, put them on:

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  1. A motorized scooter
  2. A gurney
A gurney is a wheeled stretcher which is used for transporting patients (and bodies) around the hospital.
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45. Heart disease is:

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  1. A sexually transmitted infection
  2. A chronic disease
According to the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, a chronic disease is one that lasts for 3 or more months and can get worse over time. Generally, they cannot be prevented by vaccines or cured by using medication — for example: diabetes, heart disease, different cancers.
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46. When would a patient be treated in a "Mobile Intensive Care Unit"?

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  1. When they can't get to a hospital
  2. When firefighters are not available
Mobile intensive care units are staffed by paramedics, and bring the basic functions of an emergency room to patients who cannot get there themselves.
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47. Oh no! Carl is hemorrhaging:

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  1. His stomach is shrinking
  2. One of his blood vessels ruptured
Hemorrhage is defined as the profuse discharge of blood from a ruptured blood vessel. Hemorrhaging can be internal or external.
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48. Not to be confused with trains, the bubbling sound in your patient's lungs is called:

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  1. Splish splash
  2. Rales
Rales are the small, clicking, and rattling sounds in a patient's lungs. The sound signals the presence of fluids.
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49. He thinks he knows more than a paramedic, but Mark simply has a case of "Googlechondria":

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  1. He diagnosed his symptoms online
  2. He is scared of the internet
Paramedics say that patients have "googlechondria" when they have self-diagnosed their illness using online resources.
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50. What is a "windshield survey"?

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  1. An assessment of the emergency conducted from within the ambulance as it arrives
  2. An assessment of the state of the ambulance
A windshield survey, usually conducted by the Incident Commander, is a preliminary survey of an emergency as seen through the windshield of an ambulance upon arrival.
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