Only 15% of People Can Complete This Medical Vocabulary Test!

About this Quiz

Understanding medical vocabulary can be as complicated as learning a new language, and that's one of the reasons why people try to steer clear of medical terminology. But there's a good reason to know these complicated words; it helps you understand what your doctor is saying. Some people know the basics, while others are a bit more advanced in their medical knowledge. There are also those whose medical knowledge can rival a medical student's, but how much do you know? Take this quiz to find out!

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1. What are antihistamines used for?

  1. They kill microorganisms
  2. They relieve nasal congestion, sneezing, or hives
Antihistamines are a type of medicine that relieves the symptoms of different allergies. These include, but are not limited to, sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose, hives, and itchy/watery eyes.
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2. Which of the following suffixes refers to the removal of a body part?

  1. -osis
  2. -ectomy
The suffix -ectomy refers to the surgical removal of a specific part of the body. For example, a tonsillectomy is the removal of the tonsils.
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3. Many patients are brought into the emergency room on wheeled stretchers known as _____________.

  1. An operating table
  2. A gurney
A gurney is a wheeled stretcher which is used for transporting patients (and bodies) around the hospital.
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4. Which of these words is the plural word for bronchus?

  1. Brunchuses
  2. Bronchi
The bronchi, which is the plural word for bronchus, are the main passageways/airway into the lungs. When breathing, air flows into the lungs through them in order for gas exchange to occur.
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5. What does it mean if your doctor says that your test results came back negative for a disease?

Jarun Ontakrai/Shutterstock
  1. You have the disease
  2. You do not have the disease
A negative test result usually means that a person does not have the disease. For healthy people, getting a negative test result is almost always interpreted as good news.
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6. A person suffering from bad acne should visit a/an _________________.

Dmytro Zinkevych /
  1. General surgeon
  2. Dermatologist
A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions relating to the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes. Some of the most common conditions treated include acne, psoriasis, and eczema.
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7. What does the “T” in EMT stand for?

LightField Studio/Shutterstock
  1. Technician
  2. Trainee
An EMT – Emergency Medical Technician is an emergency responder who is trained to provide medical care to ill or injured people in emergency situations.
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8. Posterior means ______________.

Jacob Lund/Shutterstock
  1. Relating to the front side
  2. Relating to the back side
Posterior, which comes from the Latin word posterus (coming after), is a technical term that refers to the back side of a thing. It is the opposite of anterior, which is the front side.
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9. How do you define hemorrhage?

Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock
  1. Bleeding/blood loss
  2. Severe headache
Hemorrhage is defined as the profuse discharge of blood from a ruptured blood vessel. Hemorrhaging can be internal or external.
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10. If something is benign, then it means that it is _______________.

  1. Not dangerous
  2. Common
Benign is a term that refers to something which is not harmful/dangerous. The word can be used to describe a condition or type of tumor.
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11. What does the suffix -itis refer to?

  1. Inflammation
  2. Redness
The suffix -itis refers to inflammation (of an organ or body part). For example, arthritis is the inflammation of a joint.
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12. Which of the following is another word for cerumen? /Shutterstock
  1. Ear swelling
  2. Ear wax
Cerumen is the medical term for earwax, which is an orange to yellowish substance secreted in the mammalian ear canal.
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13. A disease which is inherited is due to _____________ factors.

  1. Contracted
  2. Genetic
Genetic conditions or traits occur when a person inherits genes from their parents. Genetics is the study of heredity and the difference of inherited characteristics.
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14. Which of the following words describes “the area where two bones are attached/connected?

Sebastian Kaulitzki/Shutterstock
  1. Joint
  2. Cartilage
A joint is the point at which two bones are attached, thereby permitting movement of the body. Most joints are composed of fibrous connective tissue and cartilage.
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15. Which of the following is another name for neuron?

Giovanni Cancemi /
  1. Nerve cell
  2. Erythrocyte
A neuron, also known as a nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell capable of communicating with other cells through connections known as a synapse. Nerves are the main component of nervous tissue.
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16. Any organism capable of causing disease is called as a/an ________________.

  1. Pathogen
  2. Pilate
A pathogen is an organism capable of causing disease or illness to its host. They include but are not limited to, viruses, protozoa, fungi, and bacteria. It is important to note that not all viruses, protozoa, fungi, or bacteria can cause disease.
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17. At the end of a consultation, a doctor typically writes an "Rx" for a patient. What is the other name for what the doctor wrote?

  1. Prescription
  2. Letter of reccommendation
A prescription is a written order by a medical doctor or physician, which is to be given to a pharmacist, for the dispersal of medication and its instructions to the patient.
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18. What does a doctor mean when he/she says “stat”? For example, “get me those blood test results, stat!”

Roman Zaiets /
  1. He/she needs it immediately/urgently
  2. He/she wants the statistics
Stat is a directive given to medical personnel during an emergency situation, indicating that something should be done immediately.
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19. Which of the following organ systems is the colon a part of?

Emily Frost/Shutterstock
  1. Nervous
  2. Digestive
The colon, also known as the large intestines, is an organ of the digestive system. It is responsible for removing water, salt, and nutrients from the food in the gut, thereby forming stool.
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20. Which of the following organs is located in the orbital cavity?

Dr Arindam/Shutterstock
  1. Nose
  2. Eyes
The orbital cavities or sockets are bilateral and symmetrical openings of the sky where the eye and its appendages are located. It is made up of seven bones.
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21. Call for help! This man just had a myocardial infarction, more commonly known as a:

New Africa/Shutterstock
  1. Heart attack
  2. Stroke
A myocardial infarction (MI), which is also known as heart attack, occurs when blood flow to one or more parts of the heart is obstructed or somehow decreased. It causes damage to the heart muscle and can be a life-threatening condition.
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22. Protease is a type of _____ that breaks down proteins into amino acids.

  1. Enzyme
  2. Hormone
The suffix -ase is a medical term which denotes that the substance is an enzyme. They are macromolecular substances that accelerate the rate of chemical reactions.
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23. What does the suffix -ology/logy mean?

Dean Drobot/Shutterstock
  1. The study of
  2. The onset of
The suffix -logy/ology refers to “the study of” something. For example, cardiology is the study of the heart.
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24. Medications which block or prevent substances from having an effect is said to be ________________.

  1. Inhibitory
  2. Stimulatory
Medication, which is inhibitory, prevents, or blocks the action or function of a chemical reaction, thereby preventing its effect or activity.
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25. What is the term used to describe when a person is experiencing discomfort while peeing?

Emily Frost/Shutterstock
  1. Dysuria
  2. Dystrophy
Dysuria is a term used to describe pain or discomfort when urinating. It is a common symptom of bladder or urinary tract infection.
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26. The medication given to cure a bacterial infection is known as ______________.

  1. Antibiotic
  2. Antifungal
Antibiotics, also called antibacterial, are medications that act by slowing down or destroying bacteria. They cannot be used to treat infections caused by viruses.
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27. If something is being given intravenously, it means that it is given via the _______________.

  1. Rectum
  2. Veins
Intravenous (IV) is a route of administration into a vein. It is usually used for injections and infusions.
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28. What kind of doctor specializes in the treatment and disorders of the heart?

  1. Cardiologist
  2. Pulmonologist
A cardiologist is a medical practitioner who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions relating to the heart.
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29. Alopecia is the loss of _____________.

Dean Drobot/Shutterstock
  1. Hair
  2. Nails
Alopecia is a general term used to describe hair loss from one or more areas of the body. Depending on the underlying cause, it can be temporary or permanent.
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30. The term incision implies that ____________ is about to happen.

  1. Cutting
  2. Sewing
An incision is a surgical cut that is made in the skin or flesh. They are usually done to facilitate an operation or procedure.
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31. When a person says the word emesis, it means that someone has been _____________.

Dean Drobot/Shutterstock
  1. Peeing
  2. Vomiting
Emesis is the medical term for vomiting, a common symptom for many underlying conditions. It causes the stomach to be forcibly emptied through the mouth, and sometimes, the nose.
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32. Which of these terms is another way to say hypertension?

Chompoo Suriyo/Shutterstock
  1. High blood pressure
  2. High blood sugar
Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure – a medical condition in which a person’s blood pressure is elevated. If it is persistently elevated, it becomes a risk factor for several diseases, including heart failure and stroke.
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33. A patient’s family comes into the hospital wanting to know their prognosis. What are they asking about?

  1. How long they are going to be in the hospital
  2. The likely course of their disease or condition
Prognosis is defined as the likely course of a disease or ailment. When a person asks a doctor, they are asking him/her their opinion or prediction of the course of the disease.
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34. When your doctor is unable to find out what is causing your symptoms, the condition is said the be_______________.

  1. Idiopathic
  2. Iatrogenic
An idiopathic disease is any disease or condition for which the cause is unknown
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35. The word unicellular means that it involves ________ cell/s.

Kateryna Kon/Shutterstock
  1. Two
  2. One
Something which is unicellular, usually an organism, consists of a single cell. For this reason, it is also referred to as a single-celled organism.
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36. What does the abbreviation “HIV” stand for?

Room's Studio/Shutterstock
  1. Hemolytic immune virus
  2. Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV – human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus which is spread through certain body fluids. It attacks the body’s immune system, which, over time, can significantly decrease the body’s ability to fight off diseases and infections.
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37. The female sex cell, oocyte, is informally known as a/an _____________.

Yurchanka Siarhei/Shutterstock
  1. Endothelial cell
  2. Egg
An oocyte also called an egg cell, is the female sex/germ cell involved in reproduction. Successful fertilization by a sperm cell (male germ cell), is the first step in the development of a baby.
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38. What is a crash cart?

Jacqueline Watson/Shutterstock
  1. A cart which has life-saving equipment
  2. A cart to stop people from crashing into each other
A crash cart, also known as a code cart, is a set of trays on wheels that is used for transporting and dispensing emergency medication or equipment during life support protocols.
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39. What kind of doctor specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer?

  1. Oncologist
  2. Gynecologist
An oncologist is a doctor who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. Oncologists typically work in three subdivisions – surgical, medical, and radiation.
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40. Which of the following words is hearing/sound related to?

  1. Proprioception
  2. Auditory
Auditory means, of or relating to the process of hearing. The auditory system plays an important role in the transmission of sound waves and neural signals to the brain where it is processed.
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41. Your doctor says that he needs to measure your “BP”, what is he/she referring to?

Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock
  1. Blood pressure
  2. Bilateral perception
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of the blood as it circulates on the walls of the blood vessels. It is measured using a sphygmomanometer.
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42. A person who has a disease or condition but does not show any symptoms is said to be _______________.

  1. Symptomatic
  2. Asymptomatic
In medicine, a person who is asymptomatic if they are a carrier for the disease, but they do not display any signs or symptoms of the disease
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43. A patient who signs a DNR is requesting not to be _________________.

  1. Tested
  2. Resuscitated
A DNR (Do Not Resuscitate) is a legal order, either written or oral, indicating that a person does not want to receive medical intervention in the event that their heart stops beating.
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44. What do the fallopian tubes refer to?

  1. An oxygen tube
  2. A female reproductive organ
The fallopian tubes, also called the uterine tubes, are a pair of long, narrow ducts that transport the oocytes from the ovary to the uterus. It is also the most common site where fertilization takes place.
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45. Which of these words describes something which causes cancer?

Create jobs 51/Shutterstock
  1. Ketogenic
  2. Carcinogenic
A carcinogen, or something which is carcinogenic, is a substance that causes cancer. Some examples of carcinogenic substances are tobacco, processed meat, and asbestos.
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46. Epinephrine, one of the hormones released during the “flight or fight” response is also known as ________________.

Vladimor Zotov/Shutterstock
  1. Adrenalin
  2. Testosterone
Adrenaline, which is also called epinephrine, is a hormone that plays an important role in the fight-or-flight response. It increases blood flow to muscles, increases blood sugar levels, and causes the pupils to dilate.
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47. ‘K” is the chemical symbol for which of the following electrolytes?

Yulia Furman/Shutterstock
  1. Potassium
  2. Calcium
Potassium, which is represented by the chemical symbol K on the periodic table, is a mineral and electrolyte. It is used by the body for several different functions, including regulating fluid balance
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48. Which of the following words is correctly spelled?

Michael Pervak/Shutterstock
  1. Asphyxia
  2. Asphycia
Asphyxia is a condition whereby the body is deprived of oxygen, which can result in unconsciousness or death.
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49. Which of the following definitions describes the epigastric region?

Billion Photos/Shutterstock
  1. The area around your stomach
  2. The area around your lungs
The epigastric region is the upper central region of the abdomen. The word epigastric refers to (something) lying upon or over the stomach.
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50. What does it mean when a Dr. says you have gone into "remission?"
  1. Your condition is getting worse
  2. You're on the mend!
If you've gone into remission, that's good news! It means that the signs and symptoms of your illness are disappearing, or have disappeared completely.
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51. Which of the following is an example of a "stimulus"?

Andrii Vodolazhskyi / Shutterstock
  1. A medicine that reduces or alleviates your symptoms
  2. A fake medicine
What is a stimulus? A stimulus, in medical terms, is anything that can trigger a physical or behavioral change. Medicine is an external stimulus that causes your body to react - hopefully for the better.
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52. A "set of symptoms that indicate towards a certain condition, disease or abnormality" is a:

RomarioIen / Shutterstock
  1. Your skeleton
  2. A syndrome
Yup! It's a syndrome. Have you heard of chronic fatigue syndrome? People who suffer from it have the following symptoms: fatigue, dizziness, and mental confusion.
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53. The prefix "endo" means:

Roman Zaiets / Shutterstock
  1. Within
  2. Sweet
When a word starts with endo, you know it has something to do with "within," "inner," "absorbing," or "containing." For example, "endocardial" has to do with the inside of the heart.
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54. If a doctor locates an abnormality in your "cranial" region, where does she find something wrong?

design36 / Shutterstock
  1. Your finger
  2. Your head
"Cranial" is an adjective meaning: "relating to the skull." Your skull, by the way, is also known as your cranium.
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55. The "gluteal" region refers to your:

Deflector Image / Shutterstock
  1. Your hair
  2. Your butt
Perhaps you've heard of the gluteus maximus? Medically, your gluteal muscles are the main extensor muscles of the hip: i.e. your butt.
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56. What is a "specimen"?

KINGKAN_SRI / Shutterstock
  1. A sample of something taken for testing
  2. A pretty girl
If you've ever gone into the lab to have your blood tested for infections, you know what a specimen is. It's blood sample the take, for testing.
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57. When you "sprain" your ankle what is it that you really do?

CLIPAREA l Custom media / Shutterstock
  1. You massage your ankle to warm it up
  2. You stretch or tear the ligaments holding the ankle bone together
How might you stretch or tear the ligaments holding your ankle bone together? Glad you asked. Ankle sprains generally occur when you roll, twist, or turn your ankle in awkward ways.
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58. An "anaesthetic" is used to:

TORWAISTUDIO / Shutterstock
  1. Reduce your awareness, or the feeling in a particular part of the body
  2. Entertain you before surgery
There is a whole branch of medicine dedicated to properly administering anesthesia. If you've ever had surgery, then the person who gave you the medicine that put you under is called an "anesthesiologist."
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59. Is a "malignant" tumor good news or bad news?

Ralwel / Shutterstock
  1. Great News!
  2. Bad News
A malignant tumor isn't good news. It almost certainly means an operation or chemotherapy. Why? malignant tumors may spread to other parts of the body. Even if you get rid of them, sometimes they recur.
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60. An "attending doctor" has:

  1. Only completed their internship
  2. Completed their internship, residency, and fellowship
An attending is a physician who has completed their training and practices independently in their field. They usually supervise fellows, residents, and medical students. The hierarchy is as follows: medical student  intern  resident  fellow  attending.
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61. Which of the following is a symptom of "arthritis"?

namtipStudio / Shutterstock
  1. Blindness
  2. Decreased range of motion
People who suffer from arthritis often suffer from joint pain, stiffness, and swelling of joints, redness and decreased range of motion.
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62. A "a sudden attack of a disease, often characterized by spasms" is a:

Rainer Fuhrmann / Shutterstock
  1. A sore throat
  2. A seizure
Who suffers from seizures? Seizures are most common among those who have Epilepsy. Epilepsy is a disease of the brain marked by "recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain."
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63. Someone who has "amnesia" has:

pathdoc / Shutterstock
  1. Has trouble remembering
  2. An obsession with dogs
Amnesia is a condition most generally associated with memory loss. Other symptoms include confusion and the inability to recognise familiar faces or places.
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64. Shortness of breath and chest sharpness are symptoms of:

sumroeng chinnapan / Shutterstock
  1. Asthma
  2. A stomach flu
If you have asthma, you have trouble breathing because airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. The good news? It doesn't have to be a big deal. There are plenty of treatments that ease and alleviate most symptoms.
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65. From the Latin "to raise again," what does it mean if you "resuscitate" someone?

Microgen / Shutterstock
  1. Attempt to revive them after they have lost consciousness
  2. Give acupuncture
Any decent first aid course will teach you how to resuscitate someone (attempt to revive them after they have lost consciousness). CPR, for example, is a common method of resuscitation.
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66. What does a coroner do?

Elnur / Shutterstock
  1. Give acupuncture
  2. Perform autopsies
Perhaps you've seen CSI? Then we don't need to tell you that a coroner's principal job description is to determine the cause of death through autopsies.
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67. If someone is "dehydrated" they:

Maridav / Shutterstock
  1. Need water, fast
  2. Have bouts of hysteria
Dehydration occurs when someone fails to drink enough water. Symptoms include: thirst, dry mouth, exhaustion, headaches, and dizziness.
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68. What is a "ligament" anyways?

Todorean-Gabriel / Shutterstock
  1. Your fingernail
  2. A tissue that connects two bones
That's right! A ligament is a flexible fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones OR the cartilages or holds together a joint. The give your joints support and limit their movement.
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69. Which condition can make you "nauseated"?

Arturs Budkevics /
  1. Fresh air
  2. Pregnancy
Nausea is that feeling in your stomach that makes you want to throw up. Many pregnant women, especially in their first trimester, suffer from frequent bouts of it.
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70. Blood Plasma:

LookerStudio /
  1. Is a fictional medical term
  2. Keeps your blood pressure in a healthy range
Blood plasma makes up more than 55% of your blood, keeps your blood pressure stable and carries important proteins, minerals, nutrients, and hormones to the right places in your body.
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71. If a disease is "intractable," it is:

Kues / Shutterstock
  1. Cured with antibiotics
  2. Hard to treat
If a sickness is intractable, that means that it is not easy to control or to treat. An intractable disease is a disease that has not been detected, and for which there is no established therapy.
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