Can You Pass This EMT Exam?

About this Quiz

Worldwide, EMTs save one life every 30 minutes. Being one is no easy job. It takes physical stamina, quick decision-making, perfect people skills, and the willingness to put your own life at risk. Do you have what it takes to be an everyday hero?

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1. As an EMT, be ready for:

Riccardo Piccinini /
  1. Heavy lifting
  2. Patients falling in love with you
  3. Too much fast food on the job
  4. Lots of prank 911 calls
You've got to be fit to be an EMT. EMTs lift heavy things (think cots and patients) regularly. If you don't do it right, you can seriously strain your back.
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2. To take a patient's medical history, ask:

Motortion Films /
  1. If they are divorced
  2. Why they're wearing pajamas
  3. For the first time they got the flu
  4. What kind of medications they take
To take a patient's medical history, ask for: signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, pertinent medical history, past hospitalizations, and any other life events that might be relevant to the situation.
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3. Your patient was bitten by a dog. You:

dimid_86 /
  1. Don't take them in. It's obviously rabies!
  2. Boring! Walk away!
  3. Take their medical history and bring them in
  4. Chase down the dog
Take notes, and bring the patient into the hospital where proper tests can be done. EMTs do diagnose occasionally, especially when treatment is urgent. These diagnoses, however, are called "field diagnoses".
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4. A patient has minor "abrasions". Should you amputate?

Only_NewPhoto /
  1. No
  2. Immediately!
No big deal. Another word for a minor abrasion? A scrape.
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5. At what age can you become an EMT?

Dragon Images /
  1. 6
  2. 18
  3. 29
  4. Depends on if you are a woman or a man
Unfortunately, you won't find 6-year-old EMTs. You've got to be an adult to enter into the vast majority of training programs. That is, 18 years of age.
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6. To "size up" the scene:

Vadim Ratnikov /
  1. Determine the number of patients
  2. Measure the area
  3. Put on platform shoes
  4. Call in more ambulances
Take a deep breath and take note of the number of patients, the mechanisms of injury / nature of the illness to be treated, and any safety precautions that need to be taken.
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7. An adult patient's respiratory rate is 3 breaths per minute:

Capifrutta /
  1. It's normal!
  2. Something's seriously wrong
Get them to a hospital as quickly as possible. The normal respiration rate for an adult at rest is 12 to 20 breaths per minute.
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8. How many patients will you find at a Multiple Casualty Incident?

GaViAl /
  1. Multiple
  2. One
  3. Exactly 100
  4. None
Expect a lot of patients who need to be treated. Some examples of potential MCIs are: shootings, car accidents, explosions, and natural disasters.
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9. You are a "designated agent". That means:

MrSegui /
  1. You have a black belt in Karate
  2. You liaise with the CIA
  3. You can give medications
  4. You get coffee for the team
Pat yourself on the back. As a designated agent, you can give medications and provide emergency care.
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10. If a terminal patient is "bargaining", they are:

meyer_solutions /
  1. Talking to the Devil
  2. Asking for a smoke
  3. Refusing to pay their hospital bill
  4. Fighting to stay alive
Not everyone "goes gently into that good night". If a patient is bargaining, they are holding onto their life with everything they've got.
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11. Identify the biohazard:

Sherry Yates Young /
  1. Kissing
  2. Your lunch leftovers
  3. A gasoline leak
  4. A used syringe
Listen up, class! Biohazards include: human blood and blood products, animal waste, human body fluids, microbiological waste, pathological waste, and sharps waste (i.e. syringes).
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12. You might NOT be allowed to work as an EMT if you're:

noEnde /
  1. 50 years old
  2. Afraid of spiders
  3. Multilingual
  4. Colorblind
You should be able to work as an EMT if you're colorblind, but not all Ambulance Services will let you. Color blind people are sometimes prevented from doing so because companies are afraid they will misinterpret traffic lights.
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13. A patient has a severe peanut allergy. Look for:

K-D-uk /
  1. A cactus
  2. Band Aids
  3. An EpiPen
  4. Caffeine pills
Peanut allergies are the second most common allergies in children. How do the allergic prepare for potential incidents? EpiPens! EpiPens deliver epinephrine, which constricts blood vessels and decreases swelling.
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14. As an EMT, always wear:

michaeljun /
  1. A hazmat suit
  2. Swim gear
  3. A cowboy hat
  4. Gloves
No, you can't go to work in a swimsuit. An EMT's protective gear often includes gloves, helmets, protective glasses, earplugs, and chemical-resistant clothing.
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15. A patient has a DNR. Should you resuscitate them?

Angela Schmidt /
  1. No
  2. Yes
NO! A do-not-resuscitate order (DNR) means that if a patient's heart stops beating, you should not work to bring them back to life.
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16. Identify the femur:

Kniazeff /
  1. C
  2. D
  3. B
  4. A
Where is your femur? It's the longest and strongest bone in your body. You'll find it in your thigh.
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17. What do you call the person being treated?

Tyler Olson /
  1. A client
  2. A patient
  3. That dude
  4. Brittney
EMT School 101: never refer to the people you treat by their first names. Always refer to them as "patients".
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18. To check a patient's carotid pulse, put your finger on:

nuiza11 /
  1. The nose
  2. The eyes
  3. The rib cage
  4. The neck
What's the beat you can feel in your neck when you check your carotid pulse? That's the different volumes of blood flowing from the heart into the brain.
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19. In the picture, what tool will measure blood pressure?

Ken Onizuka /
  1. None of those items
  2. The pen
  3. The sphygmomanometer
  4. The scissors
You're right! The sphygmomanometer! They've been around since 1881. To use it, place the cuff around the patient's arm. Then, inflate the cuff with the pump until you cut their circulation off. Sound like fun?
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20. What's the difference between an EMT and a paramedic?

Air Images /
  1. Training hours required
  2. How many gray hairs you have
Training! It's easier to be an EMT. A basic EMT needs only between 120-150 hours of training. A paramedic? They'll need between 1,200 hours to 1,800 hours (that's about 2 years).
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21. Why is someone MOST likely to call an EMT?

  1. Wounds, fractures, and minor injuries
  2. Jellyfish stings
  3. Burning buildings
  4. Falling ice
Wounds, fractures, and minor injuries are among the most common complaints bringing an EMT to the scene. Others? Chest pain, intoxication, and breathing difficulties.
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22. A patient in the "supine" position is:

StockLite /
  1. Sitting up
  2. Doing jumping jacks
  3. Lying down, face up
  4. Eating soup
Lying down, face up! Want someone face down? Put them in the "prone position".
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23. Your adult patient's heart rate is 70 beats per minute:

cash1994 /
  1. Get out a defibrillator!
  2. It's normal!
That's a good sign. For an adult, a normal resting heart rate is between 60 and 100 beats per minute (bpm). Children's hearts beat a bit faster, between 70 and 100 bpm.
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24. The patella is:

steph photographies /
  1. Your fingertip
  2. Your knee cap
  3. Your shin
  4. Your thigh
You might know the patella better as your knee cap! What do you have in common with an ostrich? Turns out, ostriches are the only other animals with double knee caps.
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25. Who has ultimate responsibility for the patient under an EMT's care?

felipequeiroz /
  1. Medical Director
  2. The patient's mother
  3. Your mother
  4. The President of the United States
It's a lot of work to be a Medical Director. Also in the job description? Mastering all state, federal, and local legislation and regulations.
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26. What bone is this doctor looking at?

steph photographies /
  1. The cervical spine
  2. The pelvic bone
  3. The humerus
  4. The eye socket
The cervical spine! How many vertebrae are in it? 7.
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27. A patient with "cyanotic" skin has:

Zay Nyi Nyi /
  1. Wrinkly lips
  2. Blue lips
  3. Glow in the dark lips
  4. Pink lips
Cyanosis turns your skin blue! That's usually a sign of low oxygen levels in your blood. It's color science. Blood with lower levels of oxygen is darker red and reflects bluer light. Voila! You look like an alien.
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28. When your body's tissues don't get enough oxygen, that's:

S. Bonaime /
  1. Diabetes
  2. Hypoxia
  3. Hypotension
  4. Good for your beauty routine
When your body doesn't have enough oxygen, you could get hypoxemia or hypoxia. What's the risk of this? Damage to your brain and liver.
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29. When a patient goes into respiratory arrest:

mark_vyz /
  1. They have passed away
  2. They will live a long life
  3. They stopped breathing
  4. They are in jail
Respiratory arrest is a fancy word for when someone stops breathing. Careful! Brain damage and cardiac arrest may follow.
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30. In an EMT's report, what is the "chief complaint"?

Lopolo /
  1. Children under 3
  2. The reason(s) why the EMT was called
  3. Patient misconduct
  4. Pimples
The "chief complaint" is EMT-speak for the primary reason a patient needed medical attention to begin with.
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31. The "nervous system":

Systemoff /
  1. Makes you nervous
  2. Is a webpage that rates EMTs
  3. Tells you when you are in pain
  4. Is useless
There are 100 billion nerves in your brain alone. The nervous system works fast, transmitting signals at 328 feet per second. When something hurts, you're gonna know it.
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32. If a patient has diabetes, look for their:

Africa Studio /
  1. Thermometer
  2. Love letters
  3. Catheter
  4. Insulin pen
More than 100 million US adults are living with diabetes today. Lots of them have insulin pens. These aren't writing utensils. An insulin pen can be used to self-inject insulin, the hormone used to treat diabetes.
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33. To measure a patient's "mental status", assess:

Shidlovski /
  1. Their IQ
  2. Their level of responsiveness
  3. The size of their brain
  4. Their ability to speak Chinese
What is a patient's level of responsiveness? Great question! It's their orientation to time, place, and person; ability to concentrate; memory; verbal abilities; judgment and reasoning!
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34. Have you done your shoulder exercises? Get the blood flowing through your brachial artery:

Olga Bolbot /
  1. C
  2. B
You can find your brachial artery in your upper arm! The two arteries in your lower arm are called the radial and ulnar arteries.
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35. To "dilate" means:

Anna81 /
  1. To get larger
  2. To go to sleep
  3. To use drugs
  4. To lose weight
When do your pupils dilate? They dilate naturally according to the amount of light surrounding you. The darker it is, the bigger (more dilated) they are.
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36. What is a "contraindication"?

osamuraisan /
  1. A bad tarot reading
  2. A popular T.V. show
  3. A sign not to administer a particular drug
  4. A worrisome omen
It doesn't always make sense to reach for the pillbox! Sometimes giving a patient medication can do more harm than good.
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37. To measure a radial pulse, place your fingers:

Alexander Raths /
  1. On your stomach
  2. On your nose
  3. On your eyelashes
  4. On your wrist
Measure your radial pulse by finding your radial artery on the side of your wrist! Tip: two fingers are better than one.
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38. In the picture below, what is the greatest risk to your health?

michaeljung /
  1. The pillow
  2. The trees
  3. The protective gloves
  4. The blood transfusion needle
Ewww blood! As an EMT, always wear gloves! They'll protect you from one of the riskiest parts of your job: coming in contact with potentially contagious bodily fluids.
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39. Which of the following is NOT a "vital sign"?

Radu Bercan /
  1. Blood pressure
  2. Body temperature
  3. Blinks per minute
  4. Pulse
Need a refresher? There are 4 primary vital signs: body temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiratory rate.
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40. To conduct a "detailed physical exam", check:

Aykut Erdogdu /
  1. All of the above
  2. The abdomen
  3. Eyesight
  4. The ears
A detailed physical exam means checking EVERYTHING, from head to toe, for trauma. When should you not check everything? When the patient is in a life-threatening situation.
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41. A puncture wound:

  1. Is never a cause for alarm
  2. Doesn't always cause bleeding
  3. Is usually fatal
  4. Is only caused by knives
A puncture wound may be deep, but it won't necessarily provoke bleeding. The most common causes of puncture wounds are: falls, car accidents, broken glass, and stabbings.
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42. A patient's express consent before treatment is NOT necessary if:

nito /
  1. You never need consent
  2. The patient doesn't speak your language
  3. The adult patient is unconscious
  4. The patient is being irrational
In limited cases, you can administer treatment without express consent. For example, you have an adult patient's implied consent if they are unresponsive (for example, unconscious).
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43. Identify the "clavicle":

Kniazeff /
  1. C
  2. D
You couldn't wear a necklace without one! Also known as the collarbone, your clavicle is between your breast and your shoulder blade.
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44. What position is this patient in?

Fotos593 /
  1. Teddy bear position
  2. Dreaming position
  3. Recovery position
  4. Tipsy position
Put a patient in the recovery position if they are unconscious but otherwise appear to be okay. Why? To make sure their airways remain open and they can't choke on their own vomit.
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45. Where would you find the PTT button?

Motortion Film /
  1. On your radio
  2. It doesn't exist
  3. On the patient
  4. On your belt
The PTT button means "Push To talk (PTT)". Predictably, you'll find it on an EMT's two-way radio.
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46. A patient with "arrhythmia":

elegy /
  1. Is addicted to chocolate
  2. Has too much fun
  3. Has an irregular heartbeat
  4. Can't memorize poetry
Have arrhythmia? It's not as uncommon as you think. Your heart will beat more than 2.5 billion times in 70 years. That means your heart is bound to get a bit out of whack at some point: beating too fast, too slow, or just plain irregularly.
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47. Identify the aorta artery:

Olga Bolbot /
  1. C
  2. D
  3. A
  4. B
The aorta is your body's largest artery! It's like the highway for your bloodstream. Take care of it. It gives your head oxygen.
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48. What does "ABC" stand for?

konsuanfreedom /
  1. Always Bring Cookies
  2. Alcoholic Beverage Commission
  3. Anti Bullying Committee
  4. Airway, Breathing, Circulation
It's a way to identify life-threatening problems and diagnose them. ABC stands for Airway, Breathing, Circulation. Want to go further? “ABCDE” stands for Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability, and Exposure.
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49. When you suspect a patient has TB:

Kateryna Kon /
  1. Give them some aspirin
  2. Run a PPD test
  3. Give them a high five!
  4. Call their mother
Tuberculosis (TB) claimed the lives of 1.5 million people in 2018. A purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test will determine if you have it.
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50. Are their situations where you can move a patient without all normal precautions?

TFoxFoto /
  1. Never
  2. Yes, if they are in an extremely risky situation
No, not necessarily. An urgent move means moving a patient without taking all the necessary precautions. Why would you have to? When a patient's location puts them at risk.
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