Could You Pass The 1st Year of Med School?

About this Quiz

Have you ever thought about going to medical school? Well, it takes years of hard work, discipline, and dedication, not to mention intelligence. Have you watched Grey's Anatomy and ER and thought to yourself, "I could do that?" If you would like to find out if you could make it past the first year, then this quiz is the perfect way to find out!

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1. Which of the following exams do you need to do to get into medical school?

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  1. MCAT
  2. LSAT
The MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) is a standardized, multiple-choice examination that is taken as a part of the medical school admission process. LSAT is the law school equivalent.
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2. Physiology involves ____________.

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  1. The size of a human body
  2. The function of the human body
Physiology is the branch of biology that focuses on the normal function of a living organism
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3. Where in the body is the tibia located?

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  1. Skull
  2. Lower leg
The tibia is a large bone which is located in the lower leg. It is sometimes called the shinbone, and it is also the second-largest bone in the human body.
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4. Which of the following is a function of the spleen?

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  1. Filtering the blood
  2. Digesting food
The spleen is an organ located under the ribcage and above the stomach on the left side of the body. Some of its main functions include filtering the blood and recycling old red blood cells.
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5. This organ means "all flesh" in Greek:

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  1. Pancreas
  2. Lymph nodes
The pancreas is an organ in the abdomen which has both endocrine and exocrine functions. On the endocrine end, it helps to regulate the body’s blood sugar by releasing insulin and glucagon. On the exocrine side, it helps with digestion by releasing digestive juices.
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6. Which of the following organelles is known as “the powerhouse of the cell”?

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  1. Pore
  2. Mitochondria
The mitochondrion is an organelle that is found in most cells. It is responsible for many of the cell’s biochemical processes and its energy production. For this reason, it is called “the powerhouse of the cell.”
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7. How many chambers does the human heart have?

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  1. 7
  2. 4
The heart has four chambers: two atria and two ventricles, each of which can be found on the left and right sides of the heart. Their pumping action is the main driving force of the circulatory system.
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8. An extremophile is an organism that is able to ___________.

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  1. Live in harsh conditions
  2. Eat harsh minerals
An extremophile is a microorganism that thrives in extreme conditions, which include but is not limited to extremes in temperature, acidity or alkalinity, and pressure.
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9. An organism that is motile, is ______________.

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  1. Capable of motion
  2. Capable of breathing
An organism that is motile has the ability to move spontaneously
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10. What is another name for vitamin B9?

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  1. Folate
  2. Insulin
Folate, also known as vitamin B9, is one of the 8 B complex vitamins. This vitamin is necessary for the production of red blood cells, the synthesis of DNA, and it is also extremely important to prevent birth defects in pregnancy.
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11. What does DNA stand for?

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  1. Deoxyribonucleic acid
  2. Deoxygenated acid
DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid is the hereditary material in humans and many other eukaryotic organisms. The molecule is composed of two chains coiling around each other to form a double helix.
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12. The outermost layer of the skin is known as the _____________.

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  1. Epidermis
  2. Fundus
The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and is mostly made up of squamous cells. It also contains hair follicles and sweat glands.
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13. Which of these populations utilizes Medicare?

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  1. The elderly
  2. Middle classed civilians
Medicare is the federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain young people with disabilities and people with end-stage renal disease.
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14. What does the term autonomy refer to?

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  1. The body’s ability to get rid of tears
  2. The right to decide your own medical care
There are four principles of medical ethics – a system of moral principles that apply to the practice of both clinical medicine and scientific research. Autonomy is defined as the right of an informed individual to make decisions about their course of treatment.
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15. The integumentary system includes the body's largest organ:

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  1. Skin
  2. Spleen
The integumentary system is an organ system that consists of the skin, hair, nails, and several exocrine glands. Its main function is to act as a barrier to protect the body from the outside world. There is no such thing as a hormonal system.
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16. Which of these muscles is synonymous with the buttocks?

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  1. Biceps
  2. Gluteus maximus
The gluteus maximus, also known as the butt muscle, is the largest and heaviest muscle in the human body. It is responsible for the movement of the hip and thigh.
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17. What word describes the shape of a red blood cell?

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  1. Biconcave
  2. Rectangular
Mature red blood cells have a distinctive biconcave shape. Its unique shape allows it to pass through extremely small blood vessels.
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18. Where in/on the body does plantar refer to?

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  1. The sole of the foot
  2. The top of the hand
Plantar refers to something that is relating to the sole of the foot.
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19. Which of the following organs is commonly called the voice box?

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  1. Thyroid
  2. Larynx
The voice box, or the larynx, is the part of the respiratory tract, contain the vocal cords. The 2-inch-long, tube-shaped muscular organ in the neck is responsible for the vocal tone in speech.
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20. The involuntary contraction of skeletal muscle without being directly stimulated by the brain is known as ___________.

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  1. A Vocal tic
  2. A Reflex
A reflex is an involuntary and nearly instantaneous response to a stimulus. It is made by a neural pathway known as a reflex arc that acts before reaching the brain.
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21. What kind of medication would be prescribed to a person suffering from blood clots?

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  1. Mood stabilizers
  2. Blood thinners
Blood thinners are medications that are taken to prevent blood clot formation. Blood clots can stop the flow of blood through and to different organs. They can be taken orally (through the mouth) or intravenously (through a vein).
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22. This word is defined as “controlled cell death”?

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  1. Fertilization
  2. Apoptosis
Apoptosis, sometimes referred to as programmed cell death, is a type of cell death that results in the elimination of cells. It is an important part of an organism’s development and growth.
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23. What is the significance of a cytoskeleton?

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  1. It helps to support the cell’s structure
  2. It helps the cell to move
A cytoskeleton is a network of protein filaments and tubules which helps to give a cell its shape, as well as offer support and facilitates the movement of substances through the membrane.
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24. Which is the correct order of study for a medical student?

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  1. Medical student, resident, attending, intern
  2. Medical student, intern, resident, attending
The correct order of study in the medical field begins at medical student, intern, resident, attending. A student becomes an intern after completing medical school. An intern has to complete at least one year of post-medical training before being called a resident. Attendings complete their training as well as their independence practice.
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25. Which of the following oaths is taken by doctors?

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  1. Hippocratic oath
  2. The naturalization oath
The Hippocratic Oath is an old binding document which was written by Hippocrates, the father of medicine. It is sacred to physicians and is focused around the concepts of preserving patients’ privacy and treating the illness to the best of your ability.
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26. The aorta is an example of a/an _____________.

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  1. An artery
  2. A vein
The aorta is the main artery in the body. It carried blood away from the heart to deliver oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body, including the brain and muscles.
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27. Which of the following terms describes the movement of the forearm to face upwards?

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  1. Supination
  2. Bendtron
Supination is the rotation of the forearm and the hand so that the palm faces forward or upward. Supination of the foot and leg causes the foot to be rolled outward.
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28. These spaces help with the filtration and addition of moisture to air inhaled through the nasal passages. What are they called?

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  1. Canals
  2. Sinuses
The sinuses are cavities within the bones of the face and skull, which serves many functions. They help to decrease the weight of the skull, and they produce a type of mucus which moisturizes the inside of the nose.
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29. The adrenal glands are located _________ the kidneys.

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  1. Below
  2. Above
The adrenal glands are two small glands located at the top of each kidney, and they produce several hormones, most of which are vital for survival.
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30. Which of these diseases has been eradicated due to vaccination?

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  1. Small pox
  2. HIV
Smallpox is a highly contagious and occasionally fatal disease transmitted through moisture droplets in the air. At the height of its infectious period, it resulted in the deaths of millions of people. Because of immunization, the disease is no longer a threat. It was eradicated in 1977.
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31. For a skin condition, you should visit a ____________.

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  1. Dermatologist
  2. Endocrinologist
A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in treating disorders of the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes. They can also provide support for cosmetic issues affecting the appearance of the skin, hair, and nails.
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32. Which of these scientists discovered penicillin?

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  1. Martin Luther King Jr.
  2. Alexander Fleming
The antibiotic penicillin was discovered in 1928 by Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming. The accidental discovery saved the lives of millions around the world. He received a Nobel Prize in Physiology/ Medicine for the discovery almost 20 years later.
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33. What does the acronym HIPAA stand for?

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  1. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
  2. Highly Intelligent Physician of the Arthritis Association
HIPAA is an acronym for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. It was passed by congress in 1996, with its main purpose being to provide the ability to transfer and continue health insurance coverage when they change or lose their jobs.
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34. Which of the following structures is not a part of the human brain?

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  1. Cerumen
  2. Cortex
Cerumen, also known as ear wax, is a brown to yellowish waxy substance secreted in the ear canal. Its main function is to protect as well as lubricate the ears.
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35. What is the tiny appendage hanging off the side of the large intestine called?

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  1. Appendix
  2. Liver
The appendix is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum at the junction of the small and large intestines. The inflammation of the appendix is known as appendicitis, and it often results in the removal of the struction.
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36. What does the C in C-section short for?

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  1. Copernicus
  2. Cesarean
The C in C-section stands for Cesarean, so named after Julius Caesar, because he announced that pregnant women must be cut open during childbirth. The surgical procedure is done by delivering the baby through an incision in the abdomen and uterus.
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37. Which of the following is an example of a prokaryotic organism?

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  1. Fungus
  2. Bacteria
A prokaryote is a single-celled organism that does not have a distinct nucleus nor specialized organelles. This group of organisms includes bacteria and cyanobacteria.
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38. What substance does the body create during hematopoiesis?

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  1. Hair cells
  2. Blood cells
Hematopoiesis is the production of different types of blood cells. It includes the formation, development, and differentiation pluripotent cells into red and white blood cells.
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39. Which of the following medications can be used to treat a headache?

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  1. Hormonal contraception
  2. Analgesic
Analgesics are medication which are used to relieve pain by acting on the peripheral and central nervous system. They are commonly referred to as pain killers or pain relievers.
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40. Which of the following acids can be found in the stomach?

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  1. Citric acid
  2. Hydrochloric acid
Gastric acid or stomach acid is the digestive fluid found in the stomach. It is composed of hydrochloric acid, as well as sodium chloride, and potassium chloride.
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41. The bones in joints are held together by ___________.

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  1. Ligaments
  2. Cords
Ligaments are bands of dense connective tissue which connect bones to other bones, thereby forming joints. They are often confused for tendons, which attach bone to muscle.
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42. What condition does a person experience when blood stops flowing to the brain?

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  1. A cardiac arrest
  2. A stroke
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted or significantly reduced. The decreased blood supply prevents the brain tissue from getting oxygen and vital nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die.
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43. Where can chromosomes be found?

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  1. Nucleus
  2. Cell membrane
Chromosomes are thread-like structures located in the nucleus of animals and plant cells. Made of proteins and DNA, chromosomes are passed from parent to offspring and contains the genetic instructions of the organism.
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44. Down syndrome is caused by an extra copy of a _____________.

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  1. DNA strand
  2. Chromosome
Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder which is caused by the presence of a third copy of chromosome 21. It is associated with physical and growth delays and specific facial features.
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45. What region of the body does the epigastrium refer to?

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  1. The lower extremities (legs)
  2. The upper abdomen
The epigastrium is the part of the upper abdomen immediately over the stomach. Some other organs found in that region include part of the liver, part of the pancreas, and part of the duodenum.
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46. What is a neurotransmitter?

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  1. It is a chemical substance that is released from the end of a nerve fiber
  2. It is a chemical hormone that is released only from the appendix
A neurotransmitter is a chemical substance that is released from the (neuron) nerve endings when a nerve impulse arrives. It is a chemical messenger that is released from one neuron to another “target” neuron.
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47. Which of the following fluids cushions several components of the central nervous system?

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  1. Cerebrospinal fluid
  2. Saliva
Cerebrospinal fluid, abbreviated, CSF, is a clear and colorless fluid found around the brain and spinal cord. Along with removing waste products from cerebral metabolism, it also protects the brain and spinal cord from trauma.
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48. This word is defined as “not harming or inflicting the least harm to reach a beneficial outcome”?

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  1. Innocence
  2. Nonmaleficence
Nonmaleficence is a medical ethic principle defined as not harming or inflicting the least harm possible to reach a beneficial outcome. For example, choosing not to go through with a procedure because it would cause harm to that person.
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49. What is the average life span of a red blood cell?

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  1. 120 days
  2. They never die
In healthy individuals, red blood cells remain in circulation for an average length of 120 days, after which they are taken to the spleen to be destroyed. There are several diseases that reduce the lifespan of these cells.
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50. What does "EMT" stand for?

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  1. Emergency Medical Technician
  2. Eager Medicine Trainee
An Emergency Medical Technician is an emergency responder trained to provide medical care to ill or injured people in emergency situations. In training hours, they're a step below paramedics.
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51. To run a urinalysis, what kind of sample do you need?

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  1. Urine
  2. Skin
Why perform a urinalysis? Doctors analyze urine in order to assess the presence of disease, drugs, etc.
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52. The wheeled stretcher in this picture is:

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  1. An operating table
  2. A gurney
You'll see them around a lot of emergency rooms! A gurney is used to transport patients (and bodies) around the hospital.
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53. What do many people have in their bodies after surgery?

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  1. Centromere
  2. Catheter
A catheter is a flexible tube that is inserted through narrow openings into a body cavity for the removal of fluid. One example is a urinary catheter, which helps in draining urine from the bladder.
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54. What does the heart do in the systole phase?

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  1. Pumps blood from the ventricles into the arteries
  2. Stops beating
During systole, the left and right ventricles contract, causing the blood to move from them into the aorta, the main artery in the body.
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55. What is the doctor worried about in this picture?

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  1. The humerus
  2. The cervical spine
There are 7 vertebrae in your cervical spine. That's the same number as a giraffe!
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56. What does the patient have on his arm?

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  1. Speculum
  2. Gauze
Gauze is a thin, open weave fabric that is used as a medical dressing. Gauze can be used to cleanse, pack, scrub, cover, and secure wounds.
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57. "K" is the chemical symbol for:

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  1. Calcium
  2. Potassium
Potassium is a mineral and electrolyte. Why do you need it? It regulates the body's fluid balance, muscle contractions, and nerve signals.
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58. Identify the REAL blood type:

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  1. A+
  2. E+
There are four main blood groups include A, B, AB, and O. Each of the four groups can then be categorized into RhD (Rhesus) positive and RhD negative (A+, A-). A person’s blood group is determined by the genes inherited from their parent.
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59. Can you find the femur?

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  1. D
  2. C
D! If you're going to place a bet on a bone, bet on your femur. It's the longest and strongest bone in your body.
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60. A terminal patient:

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  1. Is on the verge of death
  2. Is in an airport
"Terminal" is the word given to a patient who is in the last "or terminal" stage of their life.
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